SCENE FROM THE LIMERICK SOVIET, 1919.

THE LIMERICK SOVIET WAS A SELF-DECLARED SOVIET THAT EXISTED FROM APRIL 15 TO 27 IN 1919. AS THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE BEGAN, THE LIMERICK TRADES AND LABOUR COUNCIL ORGANIZED A GENERAL STRIKE PROTEST AGAINST THE BRITISH ARMY’S DECLARATION THAT LIMERICK WAS A “SPECIAL MILITARY AREA” UNDER THE DEFENCE OF THE REALM ACT. THE SOVIET RAN THE CITY FOR A SHORT PERIOD, PRINTING ITS OWN MONEY AND ORGANIZING THE SUPPLY OF FOOD UNTIL THE LORD MAYOR OF LIMERICK, ALPHONSUS O’MARA, AND THE CATHOLIC BISHOP DENIS HALLINAN CALLED FOR THE STRIKE TO END.

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